The OECD’s forecasts combine expert judgement with a variety of existing and new information relevant to current and prospective developments.
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Indonesian ethnic groups that traditionally engage in bride price payments enroll their girls in higher education when new schools are constructed because they associate education with higher bride prices, while ethnicities without a bride price tradition do not respond to such increased educational opportunity, a study by Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Nathan Nunn, and Alessandra Voena finds.
Valentin Haddad, Erik Loualiche, and Matthew Plosser study historical patterns of corporate buyout activity in the U. and find that declines in the aggregate risk premium are strongly correlated with upticks in buyouts, while changing credit conditions play a much smaller explanatory role. In states where Medicaid was expanded as a result of the Affordable Care Act, the number of unpaid medical bills and the amount of non-medical debt sent to collection agencies were significantly reduced, according to a study featured in the August edition of The NBER Digest.
Major trends and cycles in the Chinese economy, the large differences among countries in the effect of rising public debt, and the influence of CFOs' growth expectations on their firms' investments are among topics probed in the 30th volume of the NBER Macroeconomics Annual. Also in this month's issue are a look at the effects of social networking on housing markets, an experiment to determine the effectiveness of teacher specialization, an effort to slow deforestation by paying people not to cut their trees, an analysis of the impact of very low interest rates on money market funds, and an investigation of the impacts of the Tuskegee Study of Syphilis on black men.
Researchers also explore the network structure of the U. economy, the usefulness of household belief studies for understanding economic phenomena, and downward trends in unemployment and workforce participation. Download the PDF or Read online In response to economic slowdowns, the federal authorities frequently take steps to put more disposable income in the hands of consumers. Shapiro describes research finding that the stimulus effect is modest relative to standard estimates, and that consumers' most common response is to use the extra income to pay down debt.
Other articles in the quarterly Reporter examine firms' responses to changes in taxation, explore the purpose of trade agreements, trace the evolution of gender gaps in developed economies, and give an overview of research in the NBER's Environmental and Energy Economics program.
The effect of state-level fiscal policies on neighboring states, the welfare consequences of tax-policy changes, and the increase in pass-through businesses are among topics explored by NBER researchers in volume 30 of the Tax Policy and the Economy series. Brown, it is now available from The University of Chicago Press.
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The portfolio management sector oversees vast amounts of investment, for individuals, pension funds, universities and many other institutions, and one of the most frequently asked questions in this area of finance is whether these managers earn their keep.
A team of researchers, including the University of Chicago's Joseph Gerakos (above), looked into the matter and presented some answers at the recent NBER Conference on New Developments in Long-Term Asset Management.
View a video of the presentation, read a summary of their findings, or download their paper on the conference page.
All nine conference presentations and papers are indexed here.